GIS Standards for Combating Trafficking of Wild Flora and Fauna
Platform-Agnostic Standards for Source, Transit, and Destination Geographies
Environmental crime is the world’s fourth largest illicit market by value. Wild flora and fauna trafficking is an environmental crime that creates harm for social and ecological systems. Diverse stakeholders and sectors are working to combat trafficking of wild flora and fauna in source, transit and destination geographies but effective interventions have been impeded by difficulties in data compatibility. Here, we introduce the first and currently only data dictionary of geospatial standards for combating trafficking of wild flora and fauna built upon broad engagement, iterative revisions and public discourse on three continents with multi-sector stakeholders. Keeping consistent and standardized records of geospatial data of environmental crimes improves the efficacy of law enforcement in working to prevent further illicit trafficking of flora and fauna.
Below, you will find the standards for the data dictionary broken down into five sections: Demographic Information, Animal Information, Weapons Information, Seizure Information, and Origin Information. In each section, there are multiple fields for information to be filled in that is pertinent to the success of keeping record of environmental crime. Each field has a field name, a field alias (what field data it pertains to), a field definition (how to fill out the field), a field values source (where the information comes from if it is not directly collected from the crime scene), and a field values (the standardized values that should be used to indicate data). Below the breakdown of the data dictionary, there is a button that can be pressed in order to view a full example of what the data dictionary would look like in a spreadsheet.