Leveraging science diplomacy for natural resources
The science associated with wildlife trafficking can foster bilateral and multilateral relationships.
Three types of science diplomacy are relevant to socio-environmental problems: (1) science in diplomacy (i.e., science providing advice and support for foreign policy objectives); (2) diplomacy for science (i.e., the facilitation of international scientific cooperation); and (3) science for diplomacy (i.e., scientific cooperation toward improving international relations). These distinct types signal a diversity of implications for cooperative activities, engagement, funding, and expectations regarding outcomes. The three types of science diplomacy also involve varying stakeholders.
Gore, M. L., Nichols, E. S., and, K. R. Lips. [equal contributions] (2020). Preparing scientists for science diplomacy requires new science-policy bridges. Hague Journal of Diplomacy.
Gore, M. L., Naes, L. W., Warinwa, F., Nyce, C, and Y Teka. (2020). Benchmarking African efforts in science diplomacy and wildlife trafficking. Science Diplomacy.